Pē-kīwēwin is a 5 year SSHRC funded project which seeks to understand how
Canada’s Indigenous Policy– from the residential school era, through to today’s
Child Welfare system, has resulted in a national Indigenous Child Removal System
(ICRS). Our focus will be on policies between the late 1940s and 1985, which
created a system of Indigenous Child Removal that goes beyond the “60’s Scoop” to
include the ongoing overrepresentation of Indigenous children living away from
their families, communities and culture as adoptees and ‘wards’ of the Canadian
Through archival research and interviews with Indigenous Adoptees, Foster
survivors, Foster and Adoptive Parents, and professionals in the field of Indigenous
Adoption and Child Welfare/Removal our project will begin the much-needed
process of mapping Indigenous Child Removal in Canada.
The Pē-kīwēwin Project is designed to breakdown how exactly Canadian policy and
practice have resulted in the mass removal of Indigenous children from Indigenous
people and in so doing, provide a way forward, or as our name suggests, Pē-
kīwēwin; a way home. We plan to provide a series of recommendations to alter the
Indigenous child removal system and influence policies that do not support
Indigenous children and families.
The Pē-kīwēwin Team includes Indigenous and non-Indigenous academics,
researchers, advocates and adoptees. Led by Dr. Raven Sinclair, herself an adoptee,
the 24 member national team has diverse experience and expertise in the fields of
child welfare, policy development and analysis, law, human rights, Indigenous
knowledge systems, social work, government studies, history and archival research,
transracial adoption, and both quantitative and qualitative research methods.
For more information, contact Denali YoungWolfe, Pē-kīwēwin Project Coordinator,
or Dr. Raven Sinclair, Principal Investigator at firstname.lastname@example.org.